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Glenbuchat Heritage

172 Kellas Family of Glenbuchat
The Glenbuchat Image Library
172 Kellas Family of Glenbuchat

Kellas Family Glenbuchat

In August 2014, the Annual Service at the Old Kirk at Glenbuchat was led by the Rev David Kellas.
Rev Kellas has ancestors who came from Glenbuchat and the Cabrach and some are buried in the church where he preached. It was an interesting meeting of the past and the present.

The pictures above are of:
1. The Rev David Kellas in the pulpit of the Old Kirk of Glenbuchat
2. The Rev John Kellas, David’s Grandfather
3. William and Mary Kellas originally from Roadside/Smiddyford
4. Alexander Mitchell Kellas, Everest explorer, see details at end of page.

Click for or more details of the Kellas family at Smiddyford/Roadside

Below is the family tree for the Glenbuchat Kellas family, with a side branch to Alexander Mitchell Kellas the Everest explorer.
Partly taken from Family Tree maker

Kellas Family Tree

Arthur Kellas
Birth 1657
Spouse
Jannet Taylor marriage 1682
Children
John Kellas1683 -
Arthur Kellas1685 –
Jannet Kellas1688 –
Isobel Kellas1690 –
William Kellas1693 –

John Kellas
Birth 23 May 1683 in Rindstroin, Strathdon, Aberdeenshire,
Parents
Arthur Kellas –
Jannet Taylor –
Spouse
Unknown Spouse
Children
Arthur Kellas1714 –

Arthur Kellas
Birth1714 in Strathdon, Aberdeenshire,
Parents
John Kellas1683 –
Spouse
Unknown Spouse
Children
Alexander Kellas1736 - 1794
William Kellas1755 -


Alexander Kellas
Birth March 21, 1736 in Newton, Strathdon, Aberdeenshire,
Death1st January 1794 in Strathdon, Aberdeenshire,
Parents
Arthur Kellas1714 -
Spouse
Elizabeth Grassick1750 - 1831
Children
Isobel Kellas1775 –
John Kellas1777 –
Jean Kellas1779 - 1867
Elisabeth Kellas1782 –
Alexander Kellas1783 - 1862
James Kellas1786 - 1864
James c 22 March 1786 in Newton later tenant in Howe and innkeeper, m Helen Findlay
(daughter 1787 of Harry Findlay in Tillyjuik who m 11 Dec 1788 Jean/Jane Farquharson in Longhaugh, Parish of Logie Coldstone); James died in Culquhonnie in 1864 (his executors were George Forbes Brebner, Newbigging and Alexander Kellas, Mains of Glencarvie and left all to his son Harry ) and Helen died there in 1875
Margaret Kellas1788 – 1867

Alexander Kellas
Birth 12 June 1783 in Newton, Strathdon, Aberdeenshire
Death 6 May 1862 in St Nicholas, Aberdeenshire,
Parents
Alexander Kellas1738 - 1794
Elizabeth Grassick1750 - 1831
Spouse
Barbara Garrow1785 - 1857
Children
James Fowler Kellas1819 - 1905
Elizabeth Kellas1821 –
Janet Kellas1824 –
Mary Kellas1826 –
Margaret Kellas1827 - 1836
Betsy Kellas1829 - 1836
Alexander Kellas1830 – 1830

James Fowler Kellas
Birth1819 in Skene, Aberdeenshire,
Death 31 January 1905 in Carden Place, Aberdeen,
Parents
Alexander Kellas1783 - 1862
Barbara Garrow1785 - 1857
Spouse 1
Elizabeth Mitchell1827 -
Children
Jane Nicholson Kellas1861 –
Spouse 2
Jane Nicholson1820 -
Children
James Nicholson F Kellas1844 –
William Clark Kellas1848 –
Spouse 3
Mary Boyd Mitchell1845 -
Children
Helen Ann Kellas1867 –
Alexander Mitchell Kellas1868 - 1921
Peter Mitchell Kellas1869 –
John Kellas1873 –
Mary M Kellas1880 –
Arthur Kellas1884 –
Dr Arthur Kellas of the Royal Army Medical Corps, killed on 6 August 1915 at Gallipoli

Alexander Mitchell Kellas (See details below)
Birth 21 June 1868 in 28 Regent Quay, Aberdeen
Death 1921in Tibet
Parents
James Fowler Kellas1819 - 1905
Mary Boyd Mitchell1845 –

William Kellas
Birth1755 in Glenbuchat, Aberdeenshire
Parents
Arthur Kellas1714 -
Spouse
Agnes Hay1755 -
Children
William Kellas1791 - 1848

William Kellas
Birth 26 Sep 1791 in Belnacraig Glenbucket, Aberdeenshire,
Death1848
Parents
William Kellas1755 –
Agnes Hay1755 –
Spouse
Elizabeth Farquharson 1791 - 1863
Children
Margaret Kellas1815 - 1880
John Kellas1817 - 1867
William Kellas1819 - 1849
Mary kellas1822 –
James kellas1824 - 1892
Alexander kellas1826 - 1898
Robert kellas1829 - 1911
Peter kellas1832 - 1870

John Kellas
Birth 9 Mar 1817 in Belnacraig Glenbucket, Aberdeenshire,
Death 27 Oct 1867 in Roadside Glenbucket,
Parents
William Kellas1791 - 1848
Elizabeth Farquharson1791 - 1863
Spouse
Mary Davidson1815 - 1890
Children
James Kellas1845 - 1932
William Kellas1847 - 1930
Charles Kellas1850 - 1926
John Kellas1852 - 1925
Alexander Kellas1857 –

William Kellas
Birth 21 Aug. 1847 in Roadside, Glenbuchat
Death 8 Nov 1930 in Bridgend, Cabrach
Parents
John Kellas1817 - 1867
Mary Davidson1815 - 1890
Spouse
Ann Russell Kelman1845 - 1911
Children
John Kellas1866 - 1925
Spouse
Margaret Davidson1852 - 1941
Children
Charles Kellas1875 – 1924
Margaret Helen Kellas1878 - 1948
Alexander Kellas1880 - 1959
Mary Kellas1883 - 1959
Jessie Kellas1886 - 1965
James Kellas1888 - 1958
George Kellas1890 - 1946
Rachel Ann Kellas1893 - 1894

1851 Scotland Census about William Kellas
Name: Willm Kellas
Age: 3 Estimated birth year: abt 1848
Relationship: Son
Father: John Kellas
Mother: Mary Kellas
Gender: Male
Where born: Glenbucket, Aberdeenshire
Parish Number: 200 Civil Parish: Glenbucket
Address: Roadside
Household Members:
Name Age John Kellas 33
Mary Kellas 35
James Kellas 5
Willm Kellas 3
Charles Kellas 11 Mo

John Kellas
Birth 22 Oct 1866 in Glack of Cullymore, Banffshire
Death16 June 1925 in The Manse, Rathen, Aberdeenshire
Parents
William Kellas1847 - 1930
Ann Russell Kelman1845 - 1911
Spouse
Isabella Gray Forrest1877 - 1956
Children
James Forrest Kellas 2 Aug 1898 - 1977 (Rev)
John Kellas 7 Jul 1900 - 1967 (Rev)
Marshall George Kellas 22 Nov 1902 - 1906
Catherine Gray Kellas 1905 - 29 Sep 1932, Little Ardo, Methlick
Education: Glenbuchat School; Grammar School; Aberdeen University; Master of Arts, 1888; Bachelor of Divinity, 1891.
Church Minister of Rathen.
Church Licensed by Presbytery of Alford, 1891.
Church Assistant at Tough. Church Ordained (assistant and successor), 1894.

1871 Scotland Census about John Kellas
Name: John Kellas
Age: 4 Estimated birth year: abt 1867
Relationship: Grandson
Gender: Male
Where born: Botriphnie, Banffshire
Registration Number: 200
Registration district: Glenbucket Civil Parish: Glenbucket
County: Aberdeenshire
Address: House Near Smithyfoord
Household Members: Name Age
Mary Kellas 56
Alexander Kellas 13
John Kellas 4

1881 Scotland Census about John Kellas
Name: John Kellas
Age: 14 Estimated birth year: abt 1867
Relationship: Grandson
Gender: Male
Where born: Mortlach, Banff sh.
Registration Number: 200
Registration district: Glenbucket Civil Parish: Glenbucket County:
Aberdeenshire
Address: Smithyford
Occupation: Scholar
Household Members:
Name Age Mary Kellas 65
Alexander Kellas 23
John Kellas 14
Mary Kellas 10e:
John Kellas Age: 14

1901 Scotland Census about John Kellas
Name: John Kellas
Age: 34 Estimated birth year: abt 1867
Relationship: Head
Spouse's name : Isabella G Kellas
Gender: Male
Where born: Mortlach, Banffshire
Registration Number: 235/1
Registration district: Rathen Civil Parish: Rathen County: Aberdeenshire
Address: The Manse
Occupation: Minister of Rathen Parish
Household Members: Name Age
John Kellas 34
Isabella G Kellas 24
James Forrest Kellas 2
John Kellas 9m
Helen Davidson 27
Christina Wallace 15

James Forrest Kellas Rev
Birth 2 Aug 1898 - 1977
Father
Rev. John Kellas, b. 22 Oct 1866, Glack of Clunymore, Mortlach , d. 16 Jun 1925
Mother
Isabella Gray Forrest, b. 1 Feb 1877, d. Yes, date unknown Married 2 Jun 1897
Spouse
Mary Isabel Roger, Married 27 Jun 1934 [1]
Children
1. Living
Education: Strichen Secondary School; Aberdeen University, Master of Arts, 1920; Bachelor of Divinity, 1923;
Union Theological Seminary, New York, 1923.
Church Minister of Mannofield, 1915.
Church Licensed by Presbytery of Deer, 1923
Church Assistant at Rathen.
Church Assistant at St. Bernard's, Edinburgh, 1925.
Church Ordained to Fortevoit, 1925.
Church Translated and admitted, 1926.

John Kellas Rev
Birth 7 Jul 1900 in Rathen, Aberdeenshire,
Death12 Nov 1967 in Deaconess Hospital, Midlothian,
Parents
John Kellas1866 - 1925
Isabella Gray Forrest1877 - 1956
Spouse
Eveline Margaret Ritchie1897 - 1987 Married 22 Aug 1922
Children
Marshall Kellas, b. 23 Aug 1925, d. Jun 1926
David John Kellas b.16 Aug 1939 at Aberdeen,
Private
Private
Education: Aberdeen University; Master of Arts, 1920
Occupation: Appointed professor of Economics, Scottish Churches College, Calcutta, 1923.
Missionary Professor in Scottish Churches' College
Church: Minister of Rathen.
Church: Ordained, 1935.
In 1954 John returned from India for good and the following year became minister at Glen Corse Church.

Kellas David John Rev
Birth 16 Aug 1939 at Aberdeen,
Father
Rev Dr John Kellas.
Mother
Eveline Margaret Ritchie.
Educ: Kintore, Fintry Calcutta, and Daniel Stewart's, Edinburgh 1944-58;
Edinburgh Univ (MA, BD) 1959-65;
asst Edinburgh Granton 1956-66;
lic by Presb of Dalkeith Apr 1965.
Spouse
Carol Mary Hextall. born 8 Dec 1 939, d of John Gilbert H. and Margery Gertrude Mary Bentley.
Married 11 July 1964



Dr Alexander Mitchell Kellas,
Scottish chemist, explorer, and mountaineer known for his studies of high-altitude physiology.
From The Telegraph Calcutta India Sunday, January 8, 2012


On June 5, 1921, on a windswept plain in Tibet, Lt-Col. Howard Bury, the leader of the Mount Everest Reconnaissance Expedition, had a very unhappy task to perform. He was to preside over the last rites of Dr Alexander Mitchell Kellas, 53, who was the first casualty of the expedition and died before the team could reach the foot of Mount Everest. So, with Bury reading from Corinthians, surrounded by his team of Everest climbers and the Sherpas, Kellas was buried near the Tibetan fortress of Khamba Dzong in the shadow of the three mountains which he alone had climbed — Kangchenjau, Pauhunri and Chomiomo. As the team made its way to the Rongbuk base camp, one of the finest mountaineers of his generation passed into oblivion.

Kellas was no ordinary mountaineer. He was a Scottish doctor of chemistry, an expert in high-altitude physiology and, above all, a Himalayan explorer. He was the first to promulgate the theory that it would be possible to ascent Everest without artificial oxygen in his pioneering paper ‘A consideration of the possibility of ascending Mount Everest’. Fifty-eight years later, in 1978, Reinhold Messner and Peter Habeler proved Kellas right when they made that epic first ascent, the climbers gasping for breath and crawling on all fours along the final summit ridge.

Kellas was born in Aberdeen, Scotland, in 1868 and studied at University College, London. He travelled to Heidelberg, Germany, for his PhD and returned to take up a lectureship at Middlesex Hospital, where he was highly regarded as a chemistry teacher. But his first love remained mountaineering and exploration.

Kellas was reclusive to a fault and wrote very little about his exploits. He undertook eight Himalayan expeditions between 1907 and 1921. Six of them were in Sikkim, where he made the first ascents of Pauhunri (7,128 metres), Chomiomo (6,829 metres), Sentinel Peak (6,470 metres), Langpo (6,950 metres) and Kangchenjau (6,920 metres), assisted solely by Sherpas. On his first Himalayan expedition in 1907, Kellas had hired Swiss guides, but he soon realised he preferred the Sherpas from Darjeeling. “Really, they are the most splendid fellows,” he wrote. “They are strong, good-natured if fairly treated and since they are Buddhists, there is no difficulty about special food for them — a point surely in their favour at high altitudes.” It was primarily due to Kellas’s pioneering efforts that links were formed between British mountaineers and the Sherpas, which became the backbone of all Everest expeditions since 1921.

In 1920, Kellas undertook an expedition to Kamet in Garhwal where, along with Henry Morshead, he tested oxygen equipment at high altitudes in preparation for the first Everest expedition the next year. Kellas would possibly have climbed Kamet had it not been for a porters' rebellion. Morshead later climbed up to 7,650 metres on Everest in 1922 accompanied by Mallory, Norton and Somervell.

In 1921, as a run-up to the Everest expedition, Kellas and a team of Sherpas made an unsuccessful attempt on Kabru (7,338 metres) in the Sikkim Himalayas. Nine days later, a weary Kellas started out on the Everest expedition to Tibet, which would be his last.

Tom Longstaff climbed Trishul (7,120 metres) in 1907 and supposedly held the high altitude record until 1930. But it was later proved by Kellas's biographer Ian Mitchell that the record belonged to Kellas, as Pauhunri, which he climbed in 1911, was eight metres higher than Trishul.

In 1930 the Kangchenjunga expedition led by Gunther Dyrenfurth had named a shapely 6,680-metre peak north of Jonsong as Kellas Peak. This peak, interestingly, is unclimbed till date and in 2009 a team of British mountaineers including Graham Hoyland and George Rodway, were able to reach the Kellas Col at 6,380 metres, where avalanches and crevasses prevented them from making a summit bid.

Kellas has always been overshadowed by the likes of Mallory, Smythe and Shipton, but Everest historian Walt Unsworth in his epic Everest - A Mountaineering History, wrote: "In terms of Himalayan experience he [Kellas] was the greatest of all."

Kellas’s years in anonymity may now end. The story of his life has been documented in Prelude to Everest: Alexander Kellas, Himalayan Mountaineer, by Ian R. Mitchell and George Rodway, published in 2011. It should finally give the explorer his deserving place in the annals of mountaineering.

Sujoy Das (The writer is a Calcutta-based photographer and trekker)




Picture added on 01 October 2014 at 23:31
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