The Glenbuchat Image Library
No Contributor Year: 1907119 Aberdeenshire Epitaphs and Inscriptions:
The following is an extract about Glenbuchat taken from:
Aberdeenshire Epitaphs and Inscriptions:
Historical, Biographical, Genealogical, and Antiquarian Notes.
John A. Henderson, F.S.A. Scot.,
Author of "The History of Banchory-Devenick,""Annals of Lower Deeside,'
Printed for The Subscribers. 1907.
Printed at The "Aberdeen Daily Journal" Office.
The article contains a wealth of information about the Glen, from the Ministers of the Church, to the Lairds, Old Glenbucket himself and other worthies from the glen.
The district has been known by various titles, among which were — Inverbuquhate in 1451, Glenbuchat in 1473, Glenbouchat in 1507, Glenbuchet in 1549, Glenbuchat in 1582, Inner Buchet in 1654, Glen Buicket in 1792, and Glenbucket in 1810 onwards, till recently altered to the title it possessed at the date of the formation of the parish.
(Chamberlain Rolls; Reg. Epis. Aberd. ; Reg. Mag. Sig. ; Antiquities, IV. ; Church Tokens, etc.) Old writings show variations in these forms, and indicate that there was no fixed title.
Chapel. Parish Church, And Formation of Parish.
The district had in early times a chapel which depended upon the Church of Logie- Mar. It was erected into an independent parish in 1473, by Bishop Thomas Spens, with the consent of the dean and chapter of the Cathedral of Aberdeen, and of Sir Edward Makdowel, vicar of Logie. The deed of erection recites the perils of storms and floods besetting the inhabitants while passing and repassing between Glenbuchat and the Mother Church of Logie, through an uninhabited tract of hill and waste, where, in one day at Eastertide five or six people perished on their way to the Church of Logie. The Church of Glenbuchat — dedicated to St Peter — was to be served by a resident parochial chaplain, who was to have the church land of Chapeltone, with the great tithe as well of Chapeltone as of the town of Belnaboth, according to their ancient and fixed limits, viz. — ,; from the Inuor of Aldecassen even to the torrent of Corunobagen, and from hence even to Clachnelle," with the altarages and other small perquisites from the district which had previously pertained to the vicar of Logie, together with 20s Scots yearly from the vicar of Logie in respect of his being released from the cure of Glenbuchat. (Reg. Epis. Aberd., I., pp. 307- 309.)
The first parish church is believed to have stood in the graveyard and within a few feet of the present church. Portions of its foundations — or, at least, of the church erected in 1620 — are still occasionally come upon when new graves are being dug. It is supposed to have had built into its walls a bishop's mitre and head, doubtless emblematical of the gratitude of the parishioners to Bishop Thomas Spens for his influence and services in connection with the formation of the parish. In later times this relic was in the outer wall of the manse, from which it was recently removed when extensions were executed.
Duncan Rede was vicar in 1498. On 3rd November of that year he gave sasine (an old feudal term for having both possession and title of real property. The word is found in some old deeds, meaning ownership in fee simple (full title to real property).to the prior and procurator of the monastery of the Carmelite Friars in Aberdeen of an annuity of 13s 4d, which he had purchased from William Udny of Udny, arising from certain crofts in the burgh of Kintore. This grant was declared by Mr Rede to be made for the salvation of his soul.
In 1549, Sir John Carlile (the title was a courtesy one) was perpetual vicar, while John Ray held the office of curate. Carlile, anticipating the Reformation, succeeded, in 1549, in getting the Chapter of Aberdeen to grant a charter of feu-farm to Alexander Thomuilsoune, who had married Carlile's relative — Helen Carlile — of the lands of the Kirk Town and glebe of the vicarage of the parish, with the Alehouse and Alehouse crofts, under reservation, however, of the toft, (Place names ending in -toft are usually of Old Norse derivation, topt meaning "site of a house), croft, manse, and garden possessed by the curate. Ultimately, these church lands became the property of the Gordons.
The minister is largely dependent on the Exchequer for his stipend. The above mentioned church lands, with their shootings, are now assessed at almost £300 stg. per annum. At an early period, they were valued at nearly the same amount in Scots money, or one-twelfth of the present value. In 1778, Rev. James Douglas was paid £388 Scots of stipend. Dissatisfied with this, he claimed the sum paid in 1762, which was £516 17s lid Scots. The heritor resisting, the case went to court, with the result that the stipend was definitely fixed at £396 8s 4-5d Scots, which included £8, owing to Kirktown or Alehouse, belonging to Mr Strachan, Glenkindie, being omitted from the valuation. A servitude on the tenantry of casting, drying, and driving peats to the minister was so badly performed in the time of Rev. Robert Scott (1808-55) that it was commuted into money — £1 10s a year. Thus the present stipend paid by the heritor is £34 10s 8d. inclusive of money for communion elements.
The present Parish Church, which is a plain, unpretentious building, was erected towards the close of the eighteenth century. It has a belfry at the east end, removed hither from the west end, by David Wood, mason, Kildrummy, about fifty years ago. The bell was cast in Holland by Peter Jansen, whose name it bears, with the date 1643. The pulpit stands against the side wall, and at one end is a small gallery which was erected about 1828 for the accommodation of the people of Glenkindie, who for a time paid seat rents.
Rev. Arthur Skene was minister in 1582, but the principal duties were discharged by William Cowper, reader, whose tenure of office extended from 1567 to 1591. As salary he had £16 Scots and the kirk glebe.
Rev. Thomas Meluile (Melville) became resident minister in 1599, with Kildrummy, Cabrach, and Logie-Mar likewise in charge.
Rev. William Brown was minister in 1608, with "Innerauchie" (Strathdon) also in charge. He removed to Strathdon prior to April, 1618, and continued there for at least fifteen years.
Rev. Andrew Ker, M.A., was ordained in 1618. In 1633, he held a mortgage over the lands of Kirktown of Glenbucket for 1600 merks. He was a sufferer from the depredations of the " broken clans," and was one of those summoned to give evidence against them. In 1633, he was translated to Cabrach, but was re-translated here " while in decrepit old age."
He died in December, 1662. (Row's Diary.) A tablet inscribed M. A. K., 1629 (Mi- Andrew Ker, 1629), was built into the wall of the church erected during that year. This tablet, which is still in excellent preservation, is now fixed into the top of the west gable of the present church.
Rev. David Milne, chaplain in the parish, was presented to the charge by John, Earl of Mar, in 1663, and was ordained about the summer of 1665. The charge became vacant before 26th September, 1666. Mr Milne is believed to have gone south and been afterwards settled at Cadder. (Scott 'e Fasti.)
Rev. William Christie, M.A., was instituted 24th July, 1667. He married, and had a son, Robert, besides four daughters — Christian, Ann, Elizabeth, and Joan.
In October, 1673, he complained to the Bishop and Synod of "the meannes of his present maintenance," but no practical result followed. On 20th January, 1675, he "was sharplie rebuked for his absence from the last session of the Synod, and his frequent absence from the Presbytrie." He died in 1695.
Rev. William Law was ordained 4th November, 1697. Eighteen years before this, he had been appointed schoolmaster of Strichen, and was subsequently an Episcopalian minister. On 27th November, 1700, he was translated to Crimond.
Rev. Alexander Shand, M.A., was ordained 10th May, 1704. He removed to Insch in June, 1708, and died there about 1719.
Rev. John Gordon, M.A., was ordained on 9th August, 1710. He acted for some time as clerk to the Presbytery of Alford. He was translated to Gamrie in 1717, and fourteen years later was deposed for " scandalous and unedifying conversation."
Rev. Adam Oliphant was ordained 25th November, 1718. On 14th March, 1721. He married Margaret, daughter of Baillie Martin, Hawick, and had at least one son — James. He died 29th July, 1746, and, according to the custom of the period, was buried within the church.
Rev. Thomas Johnstone, who had been officiating as tutor to the family of Lord Braco, was presented by George II., and ordained 16th July, 1747. He was translated to Bohann 2nd May, 1753, and died 6th February, 1783.
Rev. Patrick Duff, son of Rev. Robert Duff, minister of Aberlour, was called in January, and ordained 2nd May, 1754. He was translated to Old Machar in 1755, and died 6th March, 1784, in his 57th year. He married (1) Henrietta Lumsden, who died loth iNovember, 1777, in her 47th year; and (2) Elizabeth Forbes, who died 21st December, 1828, in her 85th year.
Rev. William Duff, M.A., was called in September, and ordained 8th October, 1755. He was translated to Peterculter in 1767, and thence to Foveran in 1775. (See Foveran.)
Rev. William Duff, M.A., son of Rev. William Duff, minister of Rothiemay, was called in August, and ordained 17th September, 1767. He was translated to Keig 14th May, 1772, and died there, unmarried, 28th June, 1773, aged about 32.
Rev. James Douglas was called in July, and ordained 26th August, 1772. He was translated to Premnay 12th July, 1787, and died 29th November, 1823, in the 79th year of his age. He married Ann Duff ; and their son, Robert Douglas, became minister of Ellon. During the incumbency of Mr Douglas at Glenbuchat, the church was covered with heather, and the couples were exposed inside. Poultry getting ready access during the week, it is said that a hen made her nest in " the crap o' the wa', and, getting alarmed during service on the Sunday, she flew down and lighted on the head of a parishioner." This hapless individual wore a wig, which was carried off in the bird's flight, to the great amusement of the congregation.
The succeeding incumbent has a monument to his memory in the parish graveyard. The inscription is —
In memory of the Reverend William Spence. Minister of Glenbueket, who died 27th October, 1807, aged 59. Mary Grassick, his spouse, died 9th December, 1864, aged 90. Mary Ann. their eldest, child, died 7th July, 1814, aged 14. Robert, their second son, died and was buried at sea 23rd January, 1841, aged 38. George Booth, their grandson, died 11th August, 1850, aged 14. William, their eldest son, who died at Edinburgh 1st December, 1874, aged 73. Jane, their youngest daughter, widow of A. A. Booth, Aberdeen, who died 8th October, 1883, aged 77.
The Rev. Alexander Spence, D.D., Minister of Free St Clemenfs, Aberdeen, their third son, who died August 30th. 1890, in the 86th year of his age and 54th of his ministry.
Rev. William Spence, M.A., who was a native of Moray, was ordained 27th September, 1787. His wife, Mary Grassick, survived him for upwards of 57 years, and at the time of her death was the oldest annuitant on the Ministers' Widows' Fund. William Spence, their eldest son, was secretary to the British Linen Company Bank, Edinburgh. Rev. Alexander Spence, D.D., third son, graduated in Arts at Marischal College in 1822, and, qualifying for the ministry, was, in 1837, ordained as colleague to Rev. John Thomson, M.D., of St Clement's Parish Church, Aberdeen. He seceded at the Disruption in 1843, and became minister of Free St Clement's. He possessed outstanding abilities, and was the author of various works.
The next minister has a railed grave with a headstone bearing the following
In memory of The Rev. Robert Scott, 47 years Minister of the Parish of Glenbuckot, who died June 16th. 1855, aged 77 years.
Rev. Robert Scott, son of William Scott, farmer, Rothiemay, graduated in Arts at King's College on 27th March, 1800, and for a time was engaged in tutorial work. Qualifying for the ministry, he was presented to this charge by George III. in March, and ordained 9th June, 1808. On l0th April, 1812, he married Mary Margaret, third and youngest daughter of Rev., James Forsyth minister of Belhelvie. (See Belhelvie.) They had two daughters— Elizabeth Mary, who married Rev. William Reid, Auchindoir, and Isabella Elizabeth, who was the first wife of Rev. Charles M'Combie of Tillyfour, minister of Lumphanan. (See Tough.)
Rev. William Gordon, son of Peter Gordon, farmer, Reekimlane, Cabrach, who had graduated in Arts at King's College in 1847 and had been for some time assistant schoolmaster of Fyvie, there- after schoolmaster of Auchindoir, was ordained here in 1854 assistant and successor to Mr Scott. In 1863, he was translated to Glenbervie. He married Helen, daughter of Rev. James Drummond, his predecessor in the charge at Glenbervie, and died on 14th May, 1902, aged 78. His three sons all qualified for the ministry, Rev. Patrick Lindsay Gordon, B.D., now minister of Glenbervie ; Rev. James Drummond Gordon, M.A., Chaplain (Church of Scotland) on the Indian Ecclesiastical Establishment ; and Rev. William Lindsay Gordon, B.D., minister of Athelstaneford, Haddingtonshire. There were also two daughters — Helen Jane Drummond Gordon, who died in 1869, and Margaret Collie Gordon, who died in 1884.
The succeeding minister has a headstone inscribed —
In memory of The Rev. John Bremner, Minister of Glenbucket. Born 26 June, 1815; Died 1st December, 1880. And his wife Helen Stewart Innes, daughter of Lieutenant Robert Innes, Abcrlour, born 5th April, 1831 ; died 16 July, 1895. Also their son Robert Garden Bremner. Born 11 July, 1864; Died 12 March 1898.
It is told by an old parishioner that on one occasion, when Rev. John Bremner was preaching, a mason seated in the gallery of the church fell asleep. The minister had been remonstrating with a few of his people on their failings, and, waxing eloquent, he shouted at the top of his voice, "It is easily known when the Devil is at work in the church!" Whether it was the power of his voice or the thud of his hand on the pulpit, a portion of the plaster on the roof of the loft gave way and fell upon the unconscious sleeper, who thus rudely awakened cried out — " Aye, aye! Rin, boys!" Subsequently, on being asked to explain, he told that he had been dreaming that his men were building a wall, and seeing it falling he shouted to them to run for their lives.
Rev. John Scott, a native of Dumfriesshire, and previously minister of Armadale, Linlithgow, was inducted 6th July, 1881, but died at Edinburgh in May, 1886.
The present incumbent is, Rev. William Arthur Spark who was ordained to the charge on 18th October, 1886.
It will be noted that of the foregoing twenty-one ministers who have held the charge since the Reformation eleven accepted calls to other parishes.
The Earls Of Mar.
The lands of Glenbucket originally formed a portion of the barony of Kildrummy and lordship of Strathdon. As such, they belonged to the Earls of Mar, but, on account of complications after- wards arising respecting the title to and the possessions of the earldom, the following brief explanations are made; —
Margaret, daughter of Donald, Earl of Mar, who fell at Dupplin in 1332, became Countess of Mar on the death of her brother Thomas, in 1377. She married, as her first husband, William, first Earl of Douglas, and, besides a son, James, second Earl of Douglas, who fell at Otterburn in 1388, she had a daughter, Isabel, who succeeded as Countess. This lady married, first, Sir Malcolm Drummond; and, secondly, in 1404, Alexander Stewart, natural son of Alexander, Earl of Buchan. Stewart had already taken possession of the Countess and her castle of Kildrummy under circumstances which are well known.
On the death of the Countess, her scheming husband succeeded in securing from the King a grant of the earldom in favour of himself and his natural son, Thomas. After the decease of the survivor of the two, Robert, Lord Erskine, was, in 1138, retoured heir to the Countess
Isabel. He died in 1452, leaving a son, Thomas, Lord Erskine, whose succession to the earldom was resisted by the Crown.
In 1457, the service of Robert, Lord Erskine, was reduced, and the earldom, with its numerous possessions, including Glenbucket, thereupon reverted to the Crown.
From time to time the Crown made grants from the original Mar estates. Thus, in 1507-8, James IV. granted three separate charters to Alexander Elphinstone, son of John Elphinstone of Elphinstone (and his wife Elizabeth Berlay or Barlow, who had been a servant or maid of honour to the Queen), of various lands on Upper Donside, including " Balnabooth in Glenbouchat," " Forrest of Baddynyone and Kilvalauch," ' : Inuerbuchet, Wester Inuerbuchet, Eister Inuerbuchet, etc." (Antiq.j IV., pp. 217-218 and 278.)
Elphinstone was best known in Aberdeenshire as laird of Invernochty, or Strathdon, and he secured a new Crown charter to his possessions in 1513, before which date he had been honoured with the title of Baron Elphinstone of Elphinstone. He fell with his King and the flower of the Scottish nobles at the battle of Flodden.
From the Elphinstones, Glenbucket passed to a branch of the Gordons, whose early history being somewhat confused may be cleared up by the following notes: —
According to the Balbithan MS., "John Gordon of Cairnborrow married Bessy Gordon, Buckie's daughter," and their eldest son, John Gordon, Laird of Edenglassie and representative of the Family of Cairnborrow, married, first, the Laird of Wattertons daughter Bennertnan, now Lairds of Elsick, with whom he begat three Sons and two daughters, his eldest son, William Gordon, Laird of Rathemay, and [who got the] Stock of Cairnborrow, his second son Sir Adam Gordon of Park, Glenbuicket, Innermarkie, Edenglassie, and Auchinandach, his third son, John Gordon, Laird of Invermarkie, Edenglassie, etc. ; his eldest daughter married the Laird of Brux Forbes, his second daughter married Robert Coutts, Laird of Achterfoull. The said John Gordon, Laird of Edenglassie, etc., married to his second wife the Lady Benum and Lady Foveran, her name is on the House of Glenbuicket which he built,but by that Lady he had no Succession.
The last-mentioned John Gordon and his first wife, Elizabeth Bannerman, had sasine on Badinzone (Badenyon), also on Easter and Wester Inverbuchettis in the barony of Kyldrymmie, on 10th September, 1572. In 1573-4 they had an action of removing in the Sheriff Court of Aberdeenshire against William Anderson in Drumnahuif relative to the town and lands of Badin- zone, while in July or August, 1584, the same John Gordon, but then designed as " apparent of Carneburrow " was the pursuer in an action of cognition in the same court against Alexander Elphinstoun of " Balnaglaik," in which he produced his title to Easter and Wester Innerbuchettis as above. (See New Spalding Club's Sheriff Court Records, I., pp. 195 and 308.)
On the property of Easter Bucket, Gordon — who appears to have been in affluent circumstances — erected, in 1590, the strong castle of Glenbucket. On the lintel stone of the door he caused his own name with that of his second wife to be inscribed. Only the following words and letters are now legible —
. . . . NE . HELEN . CARNEG
AR. . . .EMANIS . BOT
At the time, however (1845-52), that Mr R. W. Billings made his sketch of the castle for his " Baronial and Ecclesiastical Antiquities of Scotland," the whole inscription was intact —
IOHN . GORDONS . HELEN CARNEGIE:
1590. NO . THING . ON . EARTH . REMANIS . BOT . FAIME.
Mr Billings in his description remarks that the word " faime " in this case " is not intended to mean celebrity but the humbler attribute of good repute."
The castle occupies an elevated and picturesque situation on a declivity of Ben Newe. It commands the passage up GlenDon, as also the comparatively narrow inlet to Glenbucket. Messrs Macgibbon and Ross (Castellated and Domestic Architec- ture of Scotland) describe it as a fine specimen of the house or castle with square towers at diagonally opposite angles. The windows are considerably larger than those in many old Aberdeenshire castles, but precautions were taken against assault by having them well protected by upright and cross bars fixed securely into the stonework about six inches apart. In the upper portion a slight effort at ornamentation had been made, one specimen still remaining. Although the building has been roofless for a lengthened period, it still stands forth in solitary grandeur as an almost permanent certificate of the excellence of its construction.
Helen Carnegie was the widow of Turing of Foveran, and John Gordon having purchased the estate of Benholm, she is designed in the preceding extract as " the Lady Benuin and Lady Foveran."
The Pitfour MS. bears that it was not till 1591 that Gordon acquired the full proprietary rights to Glenbucket, the seller being Lord Elphinstone, at the price of £35,000 Scots, or £2916 13s 4d sterling New Infeftment was granted on 3rd April, 1594. (Antiq., IV., p. 450.)
Gordon possessed the warlike and proud characteristics of his clan at that period. He was charged with participating in the murder of the Bonny Earl of Moray and the burning of Donibristle in February, 1592. For a time he was " at the horn," but this was ultimately relaxed. He was at the battle of Glenlivet (4th October, 1594), along with his father and seven brothers, each being attended by a " Jackman and a footman." This made up " a good company, being twenty-seven well-mounted men out of one Family."
Late in life, Gordon contracted a third marriage — with Elizabeth Wishart, who, as his wife, is mentioned in a charter of confirmation dated Aberdeen 15th June, 1620, granted by the Bishop, Dean, and Chapter of Aberdeen of the town and lands of Dumeathis, etc., to be held by the said John and Elizabeth in conjunct fee. (Wimberley's Gordons of Knockespock, p. 49.) Gordon died 22nd January, 1622.
Adam Gordon, the second son of the first marriage above stated, succeeded to Glenbucket during the lifetime of his father, his sasine being dated 11th June, 1620. He received the honour of knighthood. About 1617, he purchased the estate of Corncairn, Ordiquhill, and re-named it Park — a title which it has since retained. He also built the village of Old Cornhill. He was twice married — first, to Christian, daughter of William Gordon, fifth laird of Gight. The eldest son of this marriage was Sir John Gordon of Park, who, in 1631, married Margaret, daughter of Sir James Sibbald of Rankeillor. It was he who, in 1665, erected the Gordon of Park aisle in the graveyard of Ordiquhill. Sir
Adam Gordon married, secondly, Helen Tyrie, daughter of Sir William Tyrie, of Drumkilbo, and their eldest son, Patrick, succeeded to Glenbucket. Sir Adam died in September, 1629, and, according to the Balbithan and Pitfour MSS., was buried within the church of Glenbucket. It is worthy of note that in the same year a new parish church was erected. Perhaps it was intended as a memorial of Sir Adam, who was warmly attached to the glen.
Patrick Gordon, the succeeding laird, was a noted free-booter. He levied blackmail over many parishes, and did not hesitate to annex property according to his erratic will. He believed that might was right, and followed—
The good old rule, the simple plan,
That they should take who have the power,
And they should keep who can.
The parish of Cushnie received considerable attention at his hands and those of his followers. In 1647, before the Commissioners of the General Assembly, he and a confederate ' ' acknowledged their accession to the rebellion, humbly upon their knees." In 1651, he married Jean, eldest daughter of Sir Robert Arbuthnott of that Ilk, and widow of Alexander Burnett, younger of Leys. He died in Aberdeen, "of sore disease," on 16th January, 1666 (Row's Diary), " and was buried in the Gordon's Isle in the Cathedral Kirk of Oldmacher, being Laid down by my Lord Gordon's side who was killed at Alford being both of them very Intimate in their life, and brave men as the age produced, and now no doubt are more ardent in Love and affection in heaven."
Adam Gordon, the eldest son, succeeded. He appears to have had a bitter hatred towards Alexander Strachan of Glenkindie, whom he succeeded, in 1676, in getting accused of the murder of Alexander Stour. £20,000 Scots of bail was accepted for Strachan, and, after a protracted litigation, an Act of the Scottish Parliament was passed in Strachan's favour and declaring that the charge had originated in the malice of Gordon. (Acts of Parlia-
ment, 1695, — 471.) He married Jean Douglas, daughter of Douglas, laird of Glenbervie, and died in 1693, survived by his wife and eight children, the five youngest of whom were unprovided for.
Mrs Gordon's allowance under her marriage contract was £1000 Scots of rent out of the best of the lands of Glenbucket "nearest adjacent to the house." She "entered on the possession of the mams and house " on her husband's death "and uplifted some of the rents, out of which she did aliment her eight children till May " when an un- fortunate quarrel arose between her and her eldest son, Adam Gordon, over their respective rights. The son behaved in the most callous fashion, necessitating an appeal by the lady to the Privy Council. In her complaint it was alleged that " she was coming south to take advice regarding her affairs, when her son Adam Gordon followed her with an armed force, and, on her refusal to comply with his request that she would return, avowed his determination to have her back though he should drag her at a horse's tail. Then seizing her with violence, he forced her to return to Glenbucket, three miles, and immured her there as a prisoner for thirty days, without attendance or proper aliment ; indeed, she could have hardly eaten anything that was offered for fear of poison."
The Privy Council seemed satisfied with the accuracy of the statement, but it is believed that, through influence and promising amendment of his conduct, Gordon got the procedure sisted indefinitely.
(Privy Council Register, and Chambers's " Domestic Annals of Scoland," III., pp. 159-60.)
Adam Gordon, who entered the army, attained the rank of captain. He " dyed abroad in Holland of a Decay " (Balbithan MS.), before which, however, Glenbucket had been sold to John Gordon, son of George Gordon of Noth, Chamberlain of Strathbogie and laird of Knockespock. John Gordon sold Knockespock, and was afterwards designed as of Glenbucket. He was the father of John Gordon, the famous Jacobite General.
"Old Glenbucket," The Great Jacobite.
John Gordon (better known as ' ' Old Glenbucket") married, in 1702, Jean, daughter of Harry Forbes IV. of Boyndlie ; and among their family were — John, who married Ann, daughter of Sir Alexander Lindsay of Evelick ; David, of Kirkhill ; George, a medical practitioner in Jamaica ; Alexander, who fell in Russia ; Helen, who married John Macdonnell, of Glengarry ; Isobel, who married Donald Macdonnell II. of Lochgarry ; Christian, who married
George Forbes of Skellater, father of " Marshal - General John Forbes - de - Skelater ' ' of the Portuguese service; Henrietta ; Clementina ; and another daughter whose name is uncertain.
A keen Jacobite, and of a brave and chivalrous disposition, Gordon joined the rising of 1715, in which he rendered considerable service in the way of raising troops and encouraging proprietors to enlist in the movement. Letters still extant prove that his influence, fidelity,
and zeal were relied upon by the Jacobite leaders, and the Earl of Mar, who recognised him as a "hard fighter," sent him many private communications couched in the most friendly terms. Want of space prevents the following of the various movements which led up to the battle of Sheriffmuir, on 13th November, 1715. Suffice it to say that Gordon fought in that engagement in the first line, but the indecision of Mar made the issue only partially successful and utterly unprofitable. So disappointed was Gordon that he could not refrain on the field from expressing his mind in the words — " Oh, for one hour of Dundee!" For a time thereafter he was obliged to go abroad.
Before 1724, Gordon had returned and had been invested by the Duke of Gordon in certain property in Badenoch by virtue of a mortgage. The tenants, who belonged to the Clan Macpherson, took umbrage at the change of management, and refused
to pay their rent, Glenbucket, in consequence, instituted legal proceedings for their ejection — a measure which was even then (Chambers's Domestic Annals, III., pp. 488-90) as much calculated to engender murderous feelings in Scotland as it ha6 since been in Ireland. Five or six of the Macphersons called one evening at Glen- bucket's house, and, on being admitted, expressed regret for the difficulty which had arisen — at the same time promising to pay the arrears sued for. Glenbucket, who was sickly, was sitting on his low- framed bedstead preparing to go to rest.
This opportunity the visitors determined to turn to account, and, while talking in a conciliatory tone, they gradually drew close and fell upon him with their dirks. Having an advantage for the moment, they gave him many wounds, but fortunately none that were deadly. At length, getting hold of his broadsword, he speedily drove the scoundrels from the house. The Duke of Gordon followed up the case, with the result that the three principal offenders were compelled to take refuge abroad. (See Captain Burt's " Letters from the Highlands," II., p. 73.) It may be added that the attack upon Glenbucket was at first reported to have ended fatally, which suggested the poem " A Curse on the Clan Macphersoii3" —
May that cursed clan up by the roots be plucked
Whose impious hands have killed the good Glenbucket !
Villains far worse than Infidel or Turk,
To slash his body with your bloody durk.
(See Alexander Pennecuik's Poems.)
Within five years of this episode, Gordon was suspected by the Government officials of again intriguing on behalf of the Jacobite cause. How far this was justified has not been clearly stated. In the summer of 1729, however, General Wade characterised him as a "dangerous fellow," and likely to "play the fool" if "encouraged by the agents from abroad." (Cullodeu Papers, No. cxlii.) In 1738, he accepted a commission— as Major-General — from James Stuart, and no King in storm and stress was ever more loyally served by a subject. As late as 14th August, 1745, the hope was expressed by Lord President Forbes that Glenbucket's prudence and temper would not only keep himself out of the rising, hut also lead him to dissuade his relative Glengarry from rushing to "his certain destruction." This anticipation was speedily belied, for six days later it was reported by the Lord President " that Glenbucket with a few Highlanders is in the neighbourhood of Strathbogie and alongst Diveronside, busy trying to levie men for the Pretender's service, and prowling about to intercept all intelligence." Again, on 5th September, the same correspondent reported that " Glenbucket is not with the rebels, but has gone down to the low country to try to raise men." On the 4th October, with a body of about 400 troops raised in the districts of Strathdon, Strathaven, Glenlivet, etc., he joined Prince Charles at Edinburgh, and became a member of his Council. He accepted the Colonelcy of the company, his eldest son John acting temporarily as Lieutenant - Colonel, and his grandson William as Captain. From depositions which were subsequently taken against him, it is evident that he went by the title of " General," was " an old man," " not very tall," " much crouched," wore " a white cockade," " rode on a little gray highland beast," " marched with the rebel army between Manchester and Wigan," etc., and " back again to Glasgow." (New Spalding Club's "Historical Papers," II., pp. 353-54.) The retreat northwards, and the crushing defeat sustained by the Jacobite army at Culloden — in both of which he took part — are matters of history. The subsequent privations which he underwent had better be told in his own words —
. . . by ways and means I made it my business to keep up a spirit amongst the King's friends until the Prince came, who I had the pleasure to wait off when arrived (old and infirm as I was) amongst the first, and continued with him till that fatal and unhappy day at Culloden; and since that time it is not possible to represent what dangers and fatigue His Royal Highness underwent ; and, for my part, all looks on me as a miracle that escaped, considering my situation of health and age. It would be too long a tale to give an account of all ; but I thank God I got this length after all this misfortune has befallen me. I do not despair, but hope to live to see the King restored is my earnest prayer and wish. I am now a very poor man, 74 years of age, banished my country, and attainted — my house burnt, my wife and family obliged to leave the country where I lived, and go amongst her relations, and I . . . supported meanly on their charity. The damned Government of England had such spite and malice against mo that when all was burnt, and taken away her back clothes and children's, she got into a poor cottage, a tenant's house, there came a party to burn it, and did burn the next, which obliged her in the melancholy situation the children were. I had come out of a desert that morning, twelve miles from any country, where I had lain 48 hours under a rock, and had travelled terrible rocks and mountains in a prodigious rainy night ; and after I had got a bit of meat, such as my wife had to give, I laid myself down on a little straw to rest, but behold I was not lain three minutes, when I was told there was a party within half a mile, which obliged me to make off in haste. The party came before I got to a hill on the other side of a river, and burnt a house at the door where my wife and children staid, which obliged them to remove in all haste. I retired to a little wood, and continued there till night, when I travelled till daybreak, and lay in a hill all the day. Some parties were near me searching ; however, I was not found. When the night came, I went to a poor man's house and changed my clothes with his rags, prevailed with the poor man to go along with me, and he put me down to the coast in the low country and returned, where I turned beggar, and allowed my hair to grow on my face, but that could not save me. Whatever disguise I put myself in, I had the misfortune to be suspected. Parties were sent from all places to search all the shires of Aberdeen and Banff for me, and not spare money to find me. In this way I continued for some months.
The remainder of the letter bewails the loss he had sustained when his " house was robbed and burnt," of the commission as Major-General which had been granted him in 1738 by James, his king.
(Letter by Gordon to Mr Edgar from St Ouen, 21st August, 1747, copied from No. CXV. of "The Stuart Papers " in Browne's " History of the Highlands.")
The popular impression that Gordon forfeited the estate and castle of Glenbucket through his adhesion to the Stuarts is erroneous. Many years before Culloden he had received cashadvances from William Duff of Braco, Balvenie, etc. (created Baron Braco of Kilbryde in 1735), to whom, in 1737, he sold the whole lands and castle. His expenditure in securing recruits and otherwise furthering the Jacobite cause had doubtless been considerable. The result was that when the Lords Justices instituted an inquiry into the value of his belongings in 1749-50, they found as follows — " Yearly rent of Real Estate £4. Value of Personal Estate £3. The debts exceed the value." (New Spalding Club's " Records of Invercauld," p. 430.)
It is thus seen that practically everything was staked by Gordon on the second rising, and, although its non-success left him almost a penniless exile, the following
letter (copied from the Jervise MSS.) shows that he kept up a brave and cheerful spirit, that he honourably discharged certain monetary obligations, that he lived economically, that he manifested a tender iterest in the welfare of his daughters, and that his loyalty to the Prince remained unshaken — G. Innes to General Gordon of Glenbucket.
Hon'd. Dr. Sr.— Lest night I had yr's of 9 June, and ae you are curious for news about The Prince, I must tell you that last post from Rome brought above twenty letters assuring that H.R.H. did latly cast up at Venice, whence he immediatly wrot to the King then at Albano, who immediatly returned to Rome with the Duke, and after a long conference with the pope, it was concluded that the Prince should repair to Ferrara or Bologna.
Some of the letters assuring this are from men of the best intelligence in Rome, who would never give out such news so confidently, unless they were positively true. Yet we have scepticks here who want them confirmed. I'm sure you could not be glader to receive than I was to transmit you the accounts of your gratification [?], qch I shall pay by your order to M. Hay upon sight. I wonder I have no
letters from Hallhead nor Coabardie, to whom
M. Gordon and I wrot as soon as to you. There was no need of your being so exact in the triffle you owd me, which was always at your service so long as you pleas'd, tho' it had been much more. I don't look upon you as an ordinary person; your age and long, distinguished services, with many other considerations, do require a particular regard to be had for you.
I'm very sorry for my friend Lochgarrie's case. It seems he must be strangely altered from what I saw him. He does ill to let him- self be so dejected; and I can't but commend you mightily for keeping up as you do. Both of you certainly are much in the right in going to such a cheap place as you mention. It were telling several we have here in a reall starving condition they had taken such a wise course so long as they had where with all to do it, whereas now it is past time, they having neither subsistence here nor to go elsewhere. Tho an gvent list be compos'd of near ninety persons, yet all the Court has (been) gratified by the list given we (which) is only fourteen persons, with promises to do for ware in a short time. I wrat to evry one of the fourteen that were not in reach of me, and I'll surely do
the same without losing a moment to every one that anything shall be alloted to here- after; and this pray tell them from me, as occasion shal offer, that you either see or write to them. Do what we will, or say what we will, the Court will take its own method with us. 'Tis very hard your Daughters should meet with such unnatural usage at home; but I believe the natures of our folks at home are become generally as ill turned as the times we live in. Could I possibly think on any place for these young gentlewomen to be received in at any easy rate, I would most readily acquaint you, but realy at present I know not of one single place, especially for a stranger, but is most unaccountably dear. The heavy taxation on communities (commodities) of all kinds being exhorbitant, these difficulties are the less to be wondered at. However, to serve you. I shall use my utmost diligence and enquiry, so as nothing at least shall be wanting on my side. Meanwhile I am, most respectfully and
My dear and worthy Sir,
Your most obedient humble servant,
Paris, 14th June, 1749.
All yr friends hero offer you and Lochgarry their most humble service.
Monsieur Le General Gordon de Glenbuket a Boulogne sur Mer.
Far from the Scottish hills which he loved so well, Gordon died at Boulogne- sur-Mer, 16th June, 1750, aged 77. The banner which he carried in 1715, and again in 1745, is illustrated in the New Spalding Club's " Historical Papers," Vol. II. The old-fashioned musket which he
used at Culloden is preserved in the museum of Mr Hugh Gordon Lumsden of Clova. A painting of him was recently bequeathed to the National Gallery of Scotland by a gentleman in London who claimed to be a descendant, but — for a reason which may be readily guessed — it was not accepted. An etching of him has also been sold, but its accuracy is doubted. It shows a half-length of a stout old man in uniform (minus head- gear), with a broad, determined face, and bald on the crown, but having long, smooth hair hanging down on the shoulders.
As previously explained, Glenbucket was purchased in 1737 by William Duff — Lord
Braco — who, in 1759, was created Viscount Macduff and Earl Fife. The property remained with his descendants till sold in 1884 by Alexander William George Duff, the sixth earl, who, in 1889, became first Duke of Fife. The history of the duke and of the various earls is too well known to require repetition.
The purchaser was Henry Burra, a prominent banker, and one of the leading citizens of Rye, Sussex. He died at his residence, Springfield, Rye, in February, 1886.
Mr James W. Barclay.
From Mr Burra's trustees, the estate was purchased in 1901 by Mr James William Barclay, who at once adopted a policy of improvement, alike by planting, renewing buildings, and giving encouragement to the tenants to adopt advanced methods of farming. Mr Barclay was a direct descendant of the Barclays who possessed the lands of Mathers in Kincardineshire for three hundred years, dating from the early part of the fourteenth century, and the following notes on his more immediate forebears may prove of interest.
David Barclay, twelfth laird of Mathers, born in 1580, married, first, Elizabeth, daughter of (Sir John, according to Playfair) Livingstone of Dunipace; and, secondly, Margaret, eldest daughter of Alexander Keith of Benholm, and widow of Guthrie. (Acts and Decreets, Vol. 504, p. 42.)" Besides a daughter, who married John Douglass, younger of Til- whilly, he had five sons — John ; Alexander ; David, first of Urie ; Robert, rector of the Scots College in Paris; and James, an officer in the army, who fell in battle. David Barclay, senior, through extra- vagance in living much about Court, was obliged, in 1633, to surrender the old family estate of Mathers, and to take up his residence at "Lunane." He also suffered the indignity of being " put to the horn." (Ibid.)
David Barclay, the third son, born in 1610, entered the army, and served as an officer on the Continent under Gustavus Adolphus. Returning to this country on the outbreak of the Civil War, he became Colonel of a regiment of horse, and did good work on the side of the King. On Cromwell's party gaining the ascendancy, however, he retired from active service,
and, in 1648, purchased from William., seventh Earl Marischal, the estate of Urie, near Stonehaven. He founded a family, and many genealogists (misled by the inaccurate and incomplete ' ' Genealogical Account of the Barclays of Urie," drawn up, and published in or about 1740, by Robert Barclay of Urie) name him as the chief of the family of Mathers, and brush aside John and Alexander, his two elder brothers, with the simple remark that they " died young and unmarried."
That statement is incorrect, for neither died young or unmarried. Alexander, the younger of the two, born about 1608, appears in December, 1631 (Ibid., 442, p. 319) as pursuer — in conjunction with his wife, Anna Ross, and others — against David Barclay of Mathers, his father, for 6000 merks paid " in the first end of the tocher." As James, Archbishop of Glasgow; and Gabriel Cunningham, Provost of Glasgow, are named, with others, as trustees under the marriage settlement (Ibid., p. 282, etc.), the presumption is that Anna Ross belonged to Glasgow, in the neighbourhood of which she and her husband settled.
John Barclay, the eldest son of David Barclay, last of Mathers, born between 1604 and 1607, was old enough in 1619 to witness a deed executed by his father. (Kincardineshire Sasines, I., p. 109.) In 1633 he appears as defender in an action by William Keith of Bruntoune to have ''transumed" a charter of the kirklands of Aberluthnot — otherwise Marykirk — by David Barclay of Mathers, dated 17th January, 1628. (Acts and Decreets, Vol. 460, p. 311.) Again, reference is made to a bond granted, 6th June, 1628, by " David Barclay of Mathers and John Barclay, his eldest lawful son and heir apparent.'' Unfortunately, John Barclay allowed him- self to become involved in his father'sobligations, and diligence was done against him. He is named as defender in a process which was before the Court of Session
on :23rd February, 1643. (Court of Session Acts and Decreets, Vol. 521, p. 168.) From that time he lived a retiring and unobtrusive life, and appears to have taken no part in the transactions which followed his father's death. He married, and had at least one son — George — who was born in or about 1660.
This George Barclay repeatedly visited his aunt at Tilwhilly, and married, 20th August, 1704 (Banchory-Ternan Registers), Anna, daughter of Thomas Reid in Eslie. second son of Rev. Robert Reid, of Biruess and Balnakettle, minister of Banchory-Ternan, descended from the old family of Reid of Pitfodels — her mother being Jean Burnett, daughter of Burnett of Campfield. Thomas Reid had consider- able wealth, among his debtors on herit- able bonds being his kinsman, Sir Peter Fraser of Durris. George Barclay (in- correctly named John in the New Spalding Club's •' Family of Burnett of Leys," p. 64) and his wife lived with the latter's parents at Eslie till after 1723, when the parents removed to Pilmuir, retaining, however, the wadset rights over Eslie, to which their son, Dr George Reid, and their grandsons, David Reid in Gellan and Rev. Thomas Reid, minister of New Machar, had sasine in 1750. (Reid Family Papers.) George Barclay and his wife had at least two sons and a daughter — Thomas, baptised 2nd March, 1706; Lewis, baptised 9th January, 1708 ; and Jean, baptised 1st February, 1710. (Banchory-Ternan Registers.) The last- mentioned married, 2nd December, 1731, Robert Burnett, laird of Sauchen, Cluny (Ibid.), and died in 1780.
Thomas Barclay, the eldest son, received a liberal education, and studied law. Preferring farming, however, he, in 1737, became tenant of Letterbeg, Strachan. On 8th November, 1733, he married Margaret, daughter of John Lumsden, in Ardhuueart, Kildrummy(Lumsden, whose wife was Helen Shirrefs, traded extensively with Turkey, acquired means, purchased the estate of Towie in Clatt, and became known as " The Grand Turk " or "The Old Turk"), and died in December, 1764, aged 58. Among Thomas Barclay's debtors for loans were James Grant of Grant, Francis Farquharson of Finzean, James Lumsden of Cushnie, John Chalmers, and John Douglass, senior, of Tilwhilly. He had two sons and three daughters — John ; George (John Lumsden, his maternal uncle — known as " The Young Turk " — son of the above-mentioned John Lumsden and Helen Shirrefs, sold Towie and bought Blairmormond, otherwise known as Knowsie, which estate he left to this
George Barclay, who, thereupon, dropped the name of Barclay, and assumed that of Lumsden-Shirrefs, John, the elder brother, being cut off with a single shilling through umbrage taken at his threat to take the testator's nose in the tongs for speaking harshly to his sister, John's mother) ; Margaret, who married James Wood, some time in Kirktown, Fetteresso (it was through this marriage that the Barclay family afterwards had a claim to the movable estate in the protracted Wood- burnden succession case, which claim they compromised for about £10,000) ; Helen, and Jean, who died in youth before their father.
John Barclay, the eldest son, served an apprenticeship as a ship carpenter in Leith, but took to farming, and occupied successively Curran in Strachan, Blerie-dryne in Durris, Burnhaugh in Fetteresso, and Easter Tilburies in Maryculter. He married, 21st September, 1777, Isabel, daughter of Alexander Hogg (brother of Rev. James Hogg, D.D., minister of Skene), then deceased, and of his wife, Christian Scroggie, who continued the farming of Bleriedryne. He was looked upon by his neighbours as a highly-educated man, but by others was accused, along with Thorn of Banchory, of being versed in " the black art." When at Burnhaugh (1782 88), he was frequently visited by Mr Robert Barclay (Barclay- Allardice) of Urie, who correctly claimed with him the relationship of third cousin once removed. Mr Barclay of Urie was in the habit of carrying a long pike-staff, on which, before starting on his visit, he marked the height of his son " Rob ' ' (the famous Captain Barclay) to compare it with that of his fourth cousin, John, eldest son of his host, both lads being then under ten years of age. John Barclay, senior, died at Easter Tilburies in 1828, aged 88. He had five sons and three daughters — John above mentioned, Robert, George, James, Alexander, Margaret, Isabella, and Jean. John, the eldest son, occupied the farm of Quoshes, and died without issue. Robert, the second son, married Miss Scroggie, occupied the farm of Blaikiewell, Maryculter, and had a large family, of whom male descendants survive in Australia.
George Barclay, the third son, married Margaret, daughter of Alexander Massie, Maryculter. He became a builder and valuator at Cults, and died 29th May, 1858, aged 73. He had five sons and three daughters — George, who married Marion Roy and died in December, 1896, leaving issue one son and three daughters; John, who died at the age of 10; Alexander, some time builder in Aberdeen, who died 6th March, 1907, in his 80th year, survived by his wife, Barbara Stewart, and a family of two sons and three daughters; James William; Morison, agricultural implement maker, Aberdeen, who married Elsie Adams, Auchinhove, and died 16th March, 1906, survived by four daughters; Isabella, who married Alexander Hepburn, Cults, and died 23rd August, 1889, leaving a family of three sons (George, consulting engineer and naval architect, Liverpool ; Alexander, consulting engineer and navai architect, Newcastle-on-Tyne, who died in December, 1889 ; and John Barclay, now managing director of The Liverpool Engineering and Condenser Company, Limited) and five daughters; Jane, who died, un-married, 3rd July, 1885, aged 61; and Margaret Campbell, who is unmarried.
James William Barclay, the fourth son before mentioned, was Member of Parliament for Forfarshire from 1872 to 1892. He married, first, in 1862, Jane, daughter of John Smith, Strathdon (they had one daughter — Florence, who married George Milne, younger of Kinaldie, ship-owner, now proprietor of Logie — and one son, James Smith, who died 9th June, 1875, from the effects of a fall from a tree) ; secondly, Lillian Alice Novelli, daughter of A. H. Novelli, a Spanish merchant, whose father came from Milan and made a fortune in the Manchester export and calico printing trade ; and, thirdly, Agnes Clifford, daughter of Rev. Henry Smith, H.M. Inspector of Schools. Mr Barclay died suddenly while on holiday in Algeria, 26th February, 1907, his remains being brought home and interred at Glenbuchat. His daughter, Mrs Milne, has succeeded as proprietrix.
In the wall of the church, to the left of the pulpit, a neat bronze cenotaph, set in polished granite, has recently been erected. It bears the Farquharson family motto and crest, and the following inscription —
FIDE BT FORTITUMNE.
This Cenotaph is placed here by John Farquharson of Whitecairns as a mark of filial devotion to the memory of his father, John Farquharson, born at Belnaglack, in this parish, and died there April 12, 1862, aged 91 years, and was buried under the Allargue Tablet on the south wall of Strathdon Church, and of his mother, Isobel Breber, who died at Cove, near Aberdeen, December 12, 1889, aged 90 years, and was buried in Nigg Cemetery. Also of his grandfather and grandmother, Alexander Farquharson and Janet Ritchie, who died at Belnaglack, aged respectively 78 and 95 years, and were interred in the family burial ground within the former church of Strathdon.
The above Farquharsons are descended from Findiay Farquharson, fifth son of Findiay Farquharson of Invercauld — better known as " Findla Mhor "— who fell at Pinkie in 1547. Prior to his father's death Findiay Farquharson acquired the lands of Auchriachan and Cumdell, in Strathaven, and thereafter his third son, Robert Farquharson, got Aldinlairg— or Allargue— and " Tolduchull," in Strathdon. From him in lineal descent was William Farquharson of Toldquhill " in 1762. His eldest son was the above Alexander Farquharson, who married Janet Ritchie, eldest daughter of Jerome Ritchie. [Ritchie then occupied several holdings in the Strathdon district, and also Belnaglack , in Glenbucket, which he vacated in 1770 in favour of his daughter and her husband, Alexander Farquharson.] Their eldest son, John Farquharson, married Isobel Breber, eldest daughter of John Breber, farmer, Comerton, Strathdon, and the : ' Banffshire Journal," at his death, paid a high tribute to his character and unobtrusive disposition. It is there stated that "In 1822 deceased became heir to a property in Jamaica belonging to his brother, Alexander, estimated at about £30,000. However, he allowed his cousin. Alexander Glennie of Maybank to obtain the property.
. . . In May, 1859, deceased contested the succession to the Breda property . . . with Mr Farquharson of Allargue, and was believed by many old people in the district to have been the heir to that property." The eldest son, John Farquharson, J. P., who erected the above cenotaph, purchased, in 1897, the property of Whitecairns, Belhelvie, from Sir Charles Forbes, Bart., of Newe.
It will be noted that the aggregate age of the four persons commemorated in the inscription was 354 years — three averaging no less than 92 years.
When the manse buildings were recently undergoing repair and extension a broken slab was discovered. It shows the slightly raised figure of a lady of position, having on the left side a small shield, within which is a cross. The shield is dated 1686, and initialled A. A. Whom this stone had commemorated is not known. Another small stone of nearly square shape was also found. It bears the date 1775.
In 1696, the chief surnames in the parish were Robertson, Gordon, Reid, and Roy. The Reids have increased largely, and there are few tombstones on which the surname is not found.
A railed wall monument is inscribed as follows—
In memory of Charlotte Lindsay, who died on the 29th September, 1836, aged 63. And her husband, John Reid, farmer in Milltown of Glenbucket, who died the 8th October, 1844, aged 87.
This Mausoleum is erected to express the veneration and filial piety of their son, the Reverend William Reid, Minister of Auchindoir.
Here also is interred the remains of The Rev. Win. Reid, Minister of the United Parishes of Auchindoir and Kearn for the period of 48 years, who died the 2nd January, 1882 aged 78.
And of his daughter, Mary Forsyth Reid, who died the 27th Sept., 1883, aged 39. Also of his wife, Elizabeth Mary Scott, who died on November 9th, 1890, aged 76.
John Reid and his wife, Charlotte Lind- say, were highly respected parishioners. Their son,Rev. William Reid, married Elizabeth Mary Scott, daughter of Rev. Robert Scott, minister of Glenbucket (1808-55), aud niece of Rev. Alexander John Forsyth, LL.D., minister of Belhelvie. (See Belhelvie.) Among others of the family of this union who still survive are Major-General Sir Alexander John Forsyth Reid, M.A., LL.D., who, for his distinguished services in connection with Indian frontier warfare (his name was frequently mentioned in despatches and he was twice promoted for service in the field), was created a K.C.B. in November, 1900 ; Robert William Reid, M.D., F.R.C.S. Eng., Professor of Anatomy in Aberdeen University; and William Reid, M.D., medical superintendent of the Royal Asylum, Aberdeen.
A railed grave has an obelisk showing the following inscription —
Sacred to the memory of Archibald Reid, Farmer, Doekington , Glenbucket. Born 29th May, 1797, died 11th January, 1873. And of his children, Sophia, born 9th June, 1859, died 26th July, 1860. Isabella, born 29th November, 1862, died 3rd December, 1862. And of his wife, Isabella M'Hardy, who died at Baiquharn, Tullyncssle, 10th Oct., 1889, aged 62 years.
Also of his son, x\rchibald Reid, M.B., CM. Born 18th November. 1857. died at Udny, Aberdeenshire, 6th January, 1880.
The above were the parents of Mr William Reid Reid, of Inchgarth, advocate in Aberdeen.
A tombstone bears —
In memory of John Wattie, Farmer, Milton , died 17th February, 1890, aged 86 years. Also his wife, Charlotte Reid, died 25th January, 1901, aged 92 years. Also their son, Charles (. Wattie, M.D., died 25th May, 1888, aged 42 years. And their daughter, Helen, died 16th August, 1894, aged 51 years.
The above Charlotte Reid was a daughter of John Reid, farmer, Milton, and sister of
Rev. William Reid, Auchindoir. She was very neat-handed, and when 82 years of age gained several first prizes at the Highland Industrial Society's Exhibition for homespun blankets and yarn. Her husband, John Wattie, acted for many years as land steward to the Earl of Fife, and during his tenancy of Milton he reclaimed nearly the half of the farm from heath and moor. Their son, Charles Lindsay Wattie, was an M.D. of Aberdeen University. Having acquired considerable hospital experience, he joined the Red Cross Society, and went through the Russo-Turkish War. He gained the silver medal for distinction in surgery from the Turkish Government, and later the Gold Cross from Prince Milan. He was taken prisoner in Sofia, and was sentenced to be shot. Happily, however, he was identified and claimed by one of the sick-nurses, and was released After these terrible experiences, and the prolonged exposure to climatic changes, his health gave way, and he died at Milton as above. His brother, John Wattie, is now fanner, and a distinguished breeder of black polled and cross cattle.
On a tablestone bearing sundry emblems is the following inscription —
Here lies the body of Jean Reid, lawful spouse to Alex. Grigorson, who lived sometime in Uppertown. She died May 24th, 1782, aged 80 years, leaving behind her of their children Archibald and Janet Grigorson.
Now slain by death, who spareth none,
And lies full low under this stone.
Take heed and Read and thou shall see
As I am now, so shalt thou be,
Rotting in dark and silent dust.
Prepare for death, for die thou must.
Life is uncertain, death is sure ;
Sin is ye wound, Christ is the cure.
Done by the care of Archibald Grigorson,
Baker in London.
A tablestone and headstone are inscribed respectively —
(1). Hero lyes John Rainy, late Merchant in Easter Bucket . He died June 4th, 1767, aged 29. Done by the care of his brother, Arthur Rainy, and who died January 12th. 1836, aged 94. And his wife, Ann Gibbon, who died February 20th. 1836. aged 80 years. Also their son, William Rannie. who died at Easterbucket, 10th August, 1882, in his 89th year.
The surname Rannie was inadvertently cut as Rainy in the first half of the above inscription.
Arthur Rannie, who died at the advanced age of 94, remembered the Government redcoats searching in the parish for "Old Glenbucket" after Culloden. Besides the above-mentioned William Rannie, he had a son, James Rannie, who married Janet Eraser, daughter of Arthur Fraser, who served as an elder in the parish for 45 years.
(2). 1876. In memory of William Rannie, some- time Farmer at Easterbucket, Glenbucket, who died 23rd December, 1875, aged 46 years.
Also James Rannie, M.B., CM., M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., D.P.H., youngest son of the above, who died at Klerksdorp, South Africa, 20th
ugust, 1894, aged 30 years. . . .
"William Rannie. son of the above- mentioned James Rannie and Janet Fraser. married Hellen Bremner, eldest daughter of Thomas Bremner, miller, Mill of Glenbucket. She died 8th August, 1905, aged 79. Their eldest son is Robert Rannie, M.B., CM., D.P.H., Peterculter. The youngest son, James Rannie, who died at the age of 30, had a brilliant College- career, carrying off no fewer than four first and two gold medals, besides five first and second prizes. He was a poet of no mean ability, and it is hoped that a collection of his pieces may be published on an early date.
Two tablestones are inscribed respectively-
Sacred to the memory of Peter Grant, some- time farmer, Bucham, who died 7th Deer., 1776, aged 57; and of his sons Hugh, who died 20(h June, 1777, aged 27; and Moses, who died 12th Jam-.. 1789, aged 25. And likewise his spouse Isobel Gordon, who died in Old Morlich 3rd March, 1803, aged 79. Also their daughter Hellen, spouse of Alexander Robinson, Banff, who died 11th July, 1823. aged 61. And their sons Wm., who died at Morlich 21st March, 1830, aged 73, and Peter, who died at Banff 29th July, 1832, aged 77. And Katharine Reid, wife of the aforesaid William Grant, who died 22nd May, 1840, aged 83 years.
Peter Grant, sometime farmer Milton of Glenbucket, and subsequently in Buchaam, belonged to a branch of the Clan Grant, being one of the five sons of the laird of Tullochgorum, Cromdale. He married Isobel Gordon, daughter of Gordon in Auchavaich, and his wife, Oliphant, sister of Rev. Adam Oliphant, minister of Glenbucket, 1718-46. Besides their family mentioned above, they had five other sons — Alexander, James, John, Robert (he is commemorated in the next inscription), and George.
In memory of Robert Grant, late farmer in Old Morlich, who died 16th February, 1838, aged 74. Also his daughter Isobel Grant, who died 25th August, 1826, aged 7 years. Also his wife Isobel Ross, who died at Manse of Ordiquhill 30th October, 1849, aged 67 years.
Robert Grant married Isobel Ross, daughter of William Ross, farmer, Little Tolly, Strathdon, and his wife, Janet Michie. Among their family were William Grant, who went to America ; Rev. James Grant, who became minister of Ordiquhill, and subsequently of Fordyce (he held the degree of D.D., and died at the Manse of Fordyce 10th February, 1902, having been an ordained minister for upwards of 55 years) ; and Rev. Robert Grant, who is minister of the parish of Stracathro, his jubilee as an ordained minister having been celebrated in 1901. Among Rev. Dr Grant's family is Rev. John F. W. Grant, D.D., minister of St Stephen's, Edinburgh.
A tablestone — with emblems — bears the inscription —
Here lys John Daison, sometime farmer in Belta Mor, who died June 23rd, 1763, aged 57 years. Done by the care of Margrat Yeat, his spouse.
My Redeemer is exalted, and so shall I.
Mr James Forbes, Tombreck, possesses, among other old documents, a lease of the above farm of Baltimore, granted by the Right Hon. William, Lord Braco, in December, 1738, to James Begg, pre- viously in Mains of Glenbucket, for 9 or 19 years, at the rental of £221 10s l0d Scots in cash, 3 " letts " peats, or £8 Scots for each " lett," 3 dozen poultry fowls, or £1 4s Scots per doz., and six reek hens, or 4s Scots for each hen. At the same time, Tombreck was let for £40 18s 8d Scots in cash, £ "lett" peats, half a stone butter or £2 Scots, half a wedder or 2£ merks, half a dozen fowls or 12s Scots, and 2 reek hens or 8s Scots.
A tablestone which displays sundry emblems has the following unusual form of inscription —
Here lyes Robert, William, Jean, and Mary Reid, children to A. R. and J. R., Fermer, Bedyon. . . .
A tablestone bears —
Here lies the dust of Hary M'Robie, who lived some time in Belnaboth . and died 1766, aged 87. Also . . . his lawful spouse, who died 1781, aged 97, and also two of their children, viz., Alex, and Isobel M'Robie. Alexr. died 1781, aged 31, and Isobel died 1783, aged 20 years. Hary M'Robie, their lawful son, has placed this stone here to their memory's : [Virtue lives after the funeral] 1793.
The first-mentioned Hary M'Robie was a son of George M'Robie, who, in 1696, was a tenant in Belnaboth.
A tablestone bears the following extra- ordinary inscription —
Here lies John Gordon, sometime farmer in Achavaich, who died Feby. 23rd, 1779, aged 45, and a daughter Hellen, and John, Alexr., Jean, and Henerita Gordons, who survive.
Done by ye care of Hellen Morrison, hie spouse.
A tablestone is inscribed —
Here lyes the body of William Hay, some- time Taylor in Belnicraig, and Departed this
life Dec. 22, 1775, aged 65 years; and 2 of his children, John and William Hays, also James Hay, his son, who died Dec. 5th, 1760, aged 21 years . . .
The following inscriptions and explana- tions are extracted from the Murdoch- Lawrance MS.
The Brodies And Murdochs.
(1). Erected by William Paterson and Margaret Murdoch his wife in Memory of their daughter Margaret who died in Belnacraig, 13 May, 1861, aged 23 years; and their mother, wife of William Paterson, farmer, Belnacraig, who died 4th August, 1865, aged 67 years ; also the above William Paterson who died 3rd March, 1867, aged 76.
Erected by Charles Beattie, farmer, Ward- head, Insch, in Memory of his wife Elizabeth Brodie, who died 26th Sept., 1856, aged 45, also the above Charles Beattie, who died 3rd Dec. 1866 aged 64.
(2). In Memory of Mary Margaret, daughter of James Brodie, farmer in Drumnagarrie, who died on the 7th March, 1853, aged 18 years. The above said James Brodie died 1st April 1885 aged 89 years and his wife Barbara Murdoch died 4th Juno 1888 aged 81 years. Also their oldest son William who died 6th April, 1896, aged 65 years. Also their daughter Jane who died at Huntly 24th March 1905, aged 60 years.
(3). Sacred to the Memory of William Brodie late gamekeeper at Backie's who died on the 26th day of March. 1839 aged 53 years, also of his infant son William who died on the 23 April, 1839, aged one year. And Margaret his daughter who died at Aberdeen on the 25th day of February. 1838 aged 18 years. His wife Mary Reid, died 28th February, 1864, aged 74 years.
(4). Sacred to the Memory of Alexander Duff Brodie. who was born 20th Sept. 1823, and died 18th of Feb. 1861, aged 38 years, And his wife Mary Farquharson died in Aberdeen 25th March, 1886, aged 61 years; also of their son James, Engineer, Aberdeen, who died 27th April. 1879, aged 26 years
(5). Sacred to the Memory of William Brodie. farmer, Belnaglack, died 28 May, 1897, aged 84, and his wife Mary Grassick 9th Oct. 1895, aged 82, and their son John died 17th March, 1852. aged 6 years ; also their infant grandson.
(6). Sacred to the Memory of William Brody sometime farmer in Belnaglack who died 10th Octr 1802 aged 59 years. Also his spouse Agness Anderson who died 1st May 1783 aged 381 h years. Also their daughter-in-law Jean Gibbon spouse of their son John Brodie farmer in Belnaglack who died 6th of October 1841 aged 59 years. Done by the care of their son John Brody farmer in Belnaglack.
These Brodies claim descent from John Brodie. third son of Alexander Brodie, twelfth laird of Brodie. by his second wife, Margaret, widow of Dunbar of Benagefield. This John Brodie married in 1616 Helen M'Kenzie, whose second son, John (" Honest John Brodie." of James Brodies Diary), married Catherine Pat-erson. and had, with others. Alexander, who came to Glenbuchat and settled at Belnacraig; and John, who married Barbara Cumming. Alexander, who married Jean Morris, and had, with others, William, Alexander, and John. One of the two last-named went south, and the other fled the country to escape the vengeance of Anderson of Candacraig.
William Brodie, above-mentioned, was sergeant-of-horse in Gordon of Glenbucket's regiment, and the Highland brooch which he wore at Culloden is now in the private museum of Mr H. G. Lumsdcn of Clova. He was tenant of Dalfrankie, and it is said that he annually treated Lord Fife to a glass of whisky while passing to Braemar. Besides several daughters he had three sons, John and Alexander (both went to Newcastle and started a pottery business), and William.
The last-named, who died in Belnaglack in 1802, was twice married— first, to Agnes Anderson
The last-mentioned John Brodie married before 1812, Jean Gibbon, and had William, who, in 1845, married Mary Grassick ; Alexander, who died unmarried at Ballarat ; Isabella, who married John Reid, farmer, Ardler, Towie ; Margaret, who married William Kellas ; Jane, who married John M'Donald ; Elizabeth, who married Charles Beattie, farmer, Wardhead, Insch ; and Annie, who died unmarried.
William Brodie, by his second wife, Janet Gauld, had William (ancestor of the Brodies in Backies), land steward to Lord Fife; Alexander, who died unmarried; James (ancestor of the Brodies in Drumnagarrie), who married Barbara Murdoch ; Elizabeth, _who married James Roy ; Isabella, who married William Begg ; Helen, who married Peter Forbes ; and Jane, who married Johnston, whose only son was drowned in Aberdeen Harbour in 1848.
William Brodie, by his wife, Mary, daughter of Archibald Reid, Kirktown, had James, who married Elizabeth Gordon ; William, who died young; Alexander Duff, who married Mary, sister of John Farquharson of Whitecairns ; William (iron-founder and partner in the firm of Blaikie Brothers, Aberdeen, who married Elizabeth Ferrier Nicol Baillie, and had, with others, Charles Fraser, who married Jessie Davidson, and William Hampden, M.D., who married Rachel Paterson) ; Margaret, who died young; Isabella, who married Robert Murdoch; and Mary Ann (died 4th March, 1905), the last of the name to reside in the parish, who married Jonathan Gauld, and had an only son, Jonathan.
The Brodies in Belnaglack are now represented by Rev. William Brodie, B.D., born at Belnaglack in 1848. minister of Kirkpatrick- Juxta. 1 1 is brothers. Alexander and James. are farmers at Standingstones. Durris, and Lampool, Dnnnottar. respectively.
(1). In Memory of Robert Murdoch lately in Belnaboth who died 10 April, 1824, aged 45. Jane M'Kenzie who died 8 April, 1822, aged 38. and their son William who died 22 May, 1823, aged 11 years. In filial regret this stone is erected by the family.
(2). In memory of John Murdoch who died at Belnaboth 11 January, 1869, aged 62. Christina M'Bain, the beloved wife of the above who died at Belnaboth 20th Nov. 1905 aged years: and of their family Margaret who died in infancy March 1837, also their son Peter Murdoch beloved husband of Jane Ross who died at Belnaboth 20th Nov. 1905 aged 51 years, also their son William Ross who died in infancy.
In filial regard this stone was erected by their family.
The above-mentioned Robert Murdoch and his wife, Jane M'Kenzie, had the following children: — Margaret, who married Harry Reid ; John in Belnaboth, who married Christian, daughter of Angus Macbean ; Robert in Craigielea, who married Isabella, daughter of William Brodie; William, who died young; and Alexander in Dalfrankie, house carpenter and violin maker, who married Isabella Ingram, and had one son and eight daughters.
William Murdoch, brother of the first-mentioned Robert Murdoch, married Jean Milne, and had, with three daughters, a son. William, who married Jessie M'Donald, who, with others had a son, John, who is married to Mary Beattie. Margaret, sister of the first-mentioned Robert Murdoch, married John Glcnnie, who died at Leochry, Glenkindie, survived by numerous descendants.
John Murdoch and his wife. Christian Macbean, had, with others, Robert, now in Pyke, Insch, who married Jessie Dunbar ; Mary, who married Peter Elrick ; Peter, who married Jean Ross; and Jean, who was married to William Ross. Glenkindie Mills, whose daughter, Christina, is the wife of Alexander Law, Parkside, Glenkindie.
Robert Murdoch and his wife. Isabella Brodie had, with others, James; John Watt. drowned in the Irrawaddy in 1882; William, now in Finnylost. Strathdon, who married Isabella Mackintosh; Alexander, in Toronto; Archibald, in Toronto, who married Agnes Geddes ; Mary Ann, who was married to Captain Robert Scott Lawrance (see Peterhead); Margaret, who married William Gordon; and Ann, who married James Alexander. Nether Savoch, Longside.
James Murdoch married Georgina. daughter of James Lyon, New Deer, and, with two daughters, had a son, James Lyon, who. in 1878, married Ann, daughter of Dr William Sangster Wood, New Deer.
A tombstone is inscribed — 1845.
Erected by Mary Farquharson, in memory of her husband John M'Kenzie, sometime miller at Mill of Glenbucket , who died 7th July, 1825, aged 51. Also 4 of their family, viz. — John who died 14th Octr. 1843, aged 32. James who died 20th April 1843, aged 27. Charles who died 13th April 1842, aged 25. Robert who died 17th May 1822, aged 2. And their daughter Ann who died 28th June 1845, aged 25. Also the above named Mary Farquharson who died 13th May 1848, aged 67 years.
The above-mentioned Mary Farquharson was a daughter of Alexander Farquharson and his wife, Janet Ritchie, before-mentioned. Her husband John M'Kenzie, had a brother James, who left the parish when a young man, and is believed to have been actively engaged in the Red River Rebellion. He never returned to this country, and the family connection with the parish is now extinct. His sister, Jane, was the wife of Robert Murdoch, already referred to.
The Gaulds and Rosses.
Three tombstones are inscribed respectively —
Here lies the dust of John Gauld, sometime farmer in Nethertown of Glenbucket, who died 6th February, 1802. aged 91. Also his spouse Elizabeth Gracie who died March 12, 1796, aged 55. Also there Daughter Jean Gauld, who died 8th April 1798, aged 45 years. . . .
Also their son William Gauld, late farmer in Crofts , who died the 25th April 1841, aged 84 years. Done by the care of Wm. and John Gaulds their sons.
In loving memory of William Gauld who died at Auchavaich , Glenbucket, June 4, 1895, aged 88 years. Also their daughters Mary, who died July 16, 1878, aged 3 years. Margaret Ann. who died at Edinburgh Nov. 23, 1881. aged 16 years, and is interred in North Merchiston Cemetery. Erected by his widow and family.
In memory of Jonathan Gauld, late farmer in Crofts, Glenbucket, who died 16th Jany. 1876 aged 76 years. Also his son William who died 6th May 1863, aged 4 years. And his daughter Mary Ann who died 29th June 1878, aged 15 years. And his wife Mary Ann Brodie. who died 4th March 1905, aged 76 years.
These Gaulds hailed from Glass, and were an exceedingly tall and strong race. James
Gauld (referred to under Glass) stood six feet four inches in height, as also did several members of his family. There were two distinct families in Glass — one dark and the other fair. The former were famed as fist fighters, but the latter have been more peaceably inclined.
John Gauld belonged to the latter family. and his son. William in Netherton, afterwards in Crofts, married Helen, daughter of George Michie, farmer, Invernochty.
William Gauld, Auchavaich, married Margaret Stuart, and had issue, William, Muir of Greystone ; Archibald Reid, Yukon, Canada : Jonathan. George, James, Helen, and Isobel.
Jonathan Gauld, by his wife, Mary Ann Brodie, daughter of William Brodie. had. in addition to the children mentioned in the inscription, a son Jonathan, who married Elizabeth, daughter of Andrew Bell Stewart.
Tombstones bear —
(1). 1771. Erected by John Ross in memory of his Father William Ross, who died at, Upperton 10th October 1771, aged 58 years. His wife Isabella Michie who died 26th August 1787, aged 65 years. The above said John Ross died at Sunnybrae, 4th August 1830, aged 82 years, and his wife Isabella Reid. died 7th June 1783, aged 36 years. Isabella Atkinson Dawson, wife of William Ross, their grand- son, died 27th October 1851, aged 35years.
(2). 1871. In memory of James Ross, who died at Mill of Glenkindie 24th August 1871, aged 91 years, and his wife Isabella Dawson, who died at Mill of Glenkindie 4th January 1870, aged 87 years. And of their family, viz. — Charles and Anne who died in infancy, and of Margaret who died 26 June 1846, aged 32 years. And of John who died at Mill of Glenkindie 22 July 1884, aged 67 years. . . .
(3). In loving memory of William Ross who died at Baltimore Croft 26 July 1893, aged 72 years, and his wife Jane Rannie who died at the same place 24th Oct. 1895, aged 62 years. And the following of their family who died in the month of March 1869, Charlotte aged 9 years, Charles aged 2£ years, Donald aged li years.
The first-mentioned William Ross and his wife, Isabella Michie, had issue — Ann, John, James, Margaret, William, William, Isobel and Jean. John who married Isabella Reid, had issue — William, Isobel, James, and John. James (referred to in the second inscription) and his wife Isabella Dawson, had issue with others — James, who married Ann Gordon, Pyke ; and William, who married, first, Isabella Atkinson Dawson, and, secondly, Jane Rannie, by the latter of whom he had with others, a son, William, who succeeded his uncle, John Ross, as miller and joiner at Mills of Glenkindie.
Schools and Teachers.
On the occasion of a visit to the parish by the Presbytery on 16th June, 1675, the minister was asked " If there was a Schoolmaster, to which he answered negative. Wherefor the heritors were seriouslie dealt with for the amendment of this de- fect." (New Spalding Club's " Exercise ofAlford," p. 243.) Practical steps were taken and brought to a successful issue, as evidenced by the entry of 27th July, 1687 — " That there is a School and some tolerable maintenance for a Schoolmaster." (Ibid., p. 383.)
A century ago, the parish school stood at Belnacraig , the teacher being Mr Raeburn. He also officiated as session clerk. Unfortunately, during his tenure of the combined offices, the school buildings were destroyed by fire, and a large proportion of the Kirk-Session records were consumed. He retired about 1826.
A new schoolhouse was then erected on the present site, and Mr Forbes, a native of the parish, was elected schoolmaster. He resigned in 1839, and was succeeded by William Reid, son of the minister of Kildrummy. He died in 1865, and was followed by James Cameron, who con- tinued to hold office till June, 1897, when he retired. He is now resident at Rosebank, Crathes.
In 1868, a handsome new school was built, and six years later an addition was made to it.
In 1868, a combination school was erected at Balloch (a pass between the top of Glenbuchat and Strathdon), which was intended to accommodate the outlying portions of both parishes. In this remotely- situated seminary several successful teachers commenced their professional career, among whom may be instanced Alexander James Barclay, M.A., now of Cove, Nigg ; James Philip, M.A., now of Inverurie; and William Stewart, now of Clatt.
In proportion to population, no parish has sent forth more sons who have taken high positions in educational, medical, ecclesiastical, military, and commercial circles. Whether this has arisen from the superiority of the grounding imparted at these schools, the determined character of its people — which has, doubtless, been fostered by the free natural beauties of the district — or from a mixture of both, is uncertain.
Stone-axes, flint-knives, and arrow-heads have repeatedly been found, giving evidence that in early times the pastime of hunting was largely engaged in.
On the hills of Glenbucket, on 25th August, 1843, was found the body of Alexander Davidson , the last of the old Deeside poachers. Under the canopy of heaven, with the " bonnie blooming heather" as a couch, and on the hills over which he was wont to roam with all the freedom of a king, died this wonderful man, whose presence was as welcome at the entertainments at Gordon Castle as in the most humble cottage. A cairn was raised to mark the spot, but the body was interred in the Churchyard of Glenmuick. (See " Romance of Poaching in the Highlands of Scotland," by the late William M'Combie Smith.)
The farm of Drumnagarrow was for a considerable period occupied by a family named Strachan, who claimed descent from the Strachans of Glenkindie. The last of the family was an expert violinist, and had a deservedly high reputation as a player of strathspeys. (See Colonel Allardyce's " Strachans of Glenkindie," p. 43.) In- deed, many hold that he was the finest player of dance music that ever existed.
At Badenyon there formerly stood a castle or mansion which is believed to have been erected by the Mouats in the 13th century. The Pitfour MS. bears that it was occupied by Mr Gordon of Glenbucket prior to the erection of Glenbucket Castle in 1590. Between Badenyon and Glenbucket Lodge a standing stone used to be pointed out as the spot where Mouat fell in his encounter with Alexander Forbes, son of Lord Forbes, whose victory won him the hand of Miss Cameron, the heiress of Brux. Unfortunately, the stone — known by the title of Clachmouat or Mouat 's Stone — was broken up and carried off by a mason for building purposes. Alexander Walker, gardener, Castle Newe, caused diggings to be made about the spot, and unearthed a dirk which is supposed to have dealt the fatal blow. He subsequently presented it to the Banff Museum, and an attached card bears the following inscription —
A Dirk. Believed to have belonged to Mouat of Abergeldie from the fact of its having been found near the place where the fatal affray took place between him and Forbes of Castle Forbes, Mouat having fallen mortally wounded.
Badenyon has been rendered famous through the stirring song " John o' Badenyon," by Rev. John Skinner, the author of ' ' Tullochgorum . ' '
Poaching and smuggling were the chief industries of the eighteenth century. To engage in the illegal manufacture of whisky was then, in the eye of the Church, considered no sin, but to aid in the carrying of it on Sundays in kegs to the Low- lands for disposal was deemed a heinous offence. Such operations were severely dealt with by the Kirk-Session, although a monetary payment invariably squared matters. By the end of the century, how- ever, a distinct improvement had taken place, as the writer of the Statistical Account of the parish reports that ' ' The people are sober and very industrious. There are few that do not make their own ploughs and carte, and also their brogues or shoes." The same writer remarks that The parish lies at a great distance from every market town. Aberdeen, the post town, is about 30 miles off. To it the people must carry whatever they have for sale, and from thence all their necessaries are procured. None but those who have felt it can imagine how inconvenient it is to be at such a distance from a post office and market town, when for six or eight weeks sometimes all communication is stopped."
Lying at a high altitude, and surrounded on all sides by high hills, the parish suffers considerably in late or severe seasons. The grain and potato crops occasionally get frosted down, but the frugality and industry of the parishioners do much to mitigate the evil. In 1838, both these crops were rendered wholly unfit for use, and an application was accordingly trans- mitted to the factor for the Earl of Fife , craving that 25 bolls of meal for the poor, with 115 bolls of meal for the tenants, as also a quantity of seed corn, be sent into the parish. In 1888, 1892, 1902, and 1903, the grain crop was again frosted to a greater or less extent, but sufficiently severe to call for the importation of seed corn for the following season. It is but bare justice to the proprietors to state that they have ever shown a sympathetic and helpful spirit on those trying occasions.
In 1795, the population was 449, but the high-water mark was reached in 1871, when the population was 570. Since then, however, there has been a rapid decrease, till now the inhabitants are estimated to number no more than 345. One of the oldest parishioners remembers 45 inhabited houses and crofts which have now entirely disappeared.
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